Detailed explanation of 15 advantages of greenhouse farming that you should not miss.
Writer: Mr. Suraj kumar
15 advantages of Greenhouse Farming that you should know
Nourishing plant is considered as both art and science from ancient times. From the time immemorial human beings have learnt the art of growing different crops in natural environment. Since 1960s, i,e, after the green revolution India has witnessed the tremendous growth in agriculture sector. Despite of this, our agriculture sector is unable to fulfill the nutritional requirement of the large human population.
Yes, agriculture is completely dependent on climatic conditions. Monsoons are gambling with agriculture. To overcome the problem of external environment a new technology has been developed of microclimatic protected farming that is called greenhouse farming.
Greenhouse technology is the technique of providing favorable micro climatic conditions for the growing of crops. The protected plastic or glass house protects the crop from adverse climatic conditions like frost, extreme temperature, cold, UV rays and insect- pests, bacteria, virus and fungus. The automated hi-tech greenhouse is so modified that it provides ideal microclimatic condition to avoid harsh environment outside. That helps any crop to grow easily at any place with minimum labor. High value crops are mainly cultivated under greenhouse condition.
Green house is a GI framed structure, covered with transparent or translucent material good enough to grow crops by providing them partially or fully control environmental condition to get maximum yield and profitability.
Here, is the detailed explanation of 15 advantages of greenhouse farming that you should not miss
1.) Higher yield
The yield of crops will hike up to 10 to 12 times more than traditional farming. The production will also depend on the type of greenhouse, agronomy, climate control facilities and type of crops.
2.) Grow crops in any weather
Farmers can grow their crop in any type of weather. It doesn't matter either, it is raining, frost or extreme temperature outside. Your crop will keep blooming and growing because crop is covered under protected environment.
3.) Hydroponics (soilless culture), aeroponics farming under greenhouse condition
Hydroponics (soilless culture) or aeroponic farming are mainly done under greenhouse environment. Hydroponic and aeroponic farming both need micro climatic condition for its better cultivation. The demand of green house specially polyhouse has constantly increased with the initiation of hydroponics and aquaponics. In hydroponics we mainly grow exotic vegetables under controlled environment for commercial purpose. However, you can also cultivate crops at your place via hydroponic technique. Aquaponics is the conventional farming of crops and fish together. It is done in protected environment.
4.) Reliability of crop increased
The greenhouse farming promotes food security, ecological intensity and sustainability in agricultural sector of any country. Greenhouse technology has brought a tremendous growth in yield, profitability, environmental enhancement and social well being.
5.) Ideal for flowers and vegetables farming
It is very well known fact that vegetable and flower production bring you constant higher productivity and profitability in less land as compared to cereals crop. Then there is no other about flower farming? It has a huge demand in international markets. Dry flower farming is one of the trending agri-business ever.
High demanding, exotic and high value vegetables like lettuce, tomato, colour capsicum, cucumber, Kale etc. are mainly sown under greenhouse condition.
Highly attractive and high valuable flowers like Gerbera, Dutch Rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, marigold etc are sown in greenhouse condition in Indian context.
6.) Year round production of flowers
Greenhouse provides favorable climatic condition for crops. In polyhouse, farmers and gardeners does year round production of flowers like rose, carnation, gerbera, chrysanthemum and gladiolus. Albeit, all the production of all these crops are not easy as it requires proper maintenance, agronomy, proper climatic condition and many more.
Note- Never practice any of the above flowers together because all these require different management and climatic requirement.
7.) Off seasonal fruits and vegetable production
This gives ability to create suitable environmental condition as per the requirement of different crops. Capsicum, tomato, rose lettuce, cucumber, lily etc. are some of the examples of crops which are sown in both hot and cool temperature under greenhouse protected environment.
8.) Irrigation requirement is limited and easy monitored
Greenhouses are macro-climatic as well as micro irrigation featured. It preserves water as it waters drop by drop to the root zone of plant by a pipeline installed over the soil beds commonly called as drip irrigation. It provides water to plant through a network of pipes, tubes, valves and emitter. It is more efficient than any other type of irrigation.
9.) Fertigation system is easily monitored
Fertigation system is an automatic technique that reduce the fertilizer cost as well as it is easily operated. It is the injection of fertilizer directly through the drip pipes mixing with irrigation water. It provides irrigation directly to the plants root zone that is absorbed faster by plants.
10.) Efficient use of fertilizers and pesticides
Crops under greenhouse is being cultivated under the scheduled pattern of pesticides and fertilizer dosages. All the water-soluble essential elements are given with the calculated dose and determined formula. Accurate and scheduled pesticides are used.
11.) Genetically superior and disease free seedling/ nursery production
The seedling of crops like tomato and colour capsicum are in high demand among greenhouse growers. The trends to buy seedling of these crops from greenhouse nurseries have increased among farmers. Seedling are cultivated in controlled environment with proper agronomical management. Commercial produced seedlings are best known for its genetic superiority and diseases free tendency.
12.) Hardening of plant tissue cultured plants in greenhouse
Hardening is the method of transferring of invitro seedling gradually to outdoor environment. The plant propagated in invitro culture doesn’t survive well in open environment. The seedling propagated from plant tissue culture needs special treatment and care so, survive well in soil. The microclimatic condition helps to thrive better.
13.) Provides protection from pests and predators
The protected environment provides protection from various pests and predators that cause heavy damage to the crops. Pests and predators like moles, rats, squirrels and insects cause drastic damage to our crop in open environment.
14.) Creates suitable farming environment in adverse climatic area
There are some temperate region where the climatic conditions are totally adverse for farming. Farming with polyhouse can be easily done in these areas. It helps to change the instability of the ecosystem.
15.) More healthier and blemishes free crops are produced
The crop produced from protected environment are more healthier, nutritious and tasteful than crops produced in open field. Crops are also free from spots and blemishes.