Mushroom farming is one of the most profitable business which you can start in very low investment
Writer: Mr. Suraj kumar
Mushroom farming is one of the most profitable business which you can start in very low investment. Mushroom farming is growing gradually as alternative source of agri-business for farmers. If I talk of worldwide China, Italy, USA, Netherland are the top producer of mushroom. In India Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of mushroom followed by Kerala and Tripura. Button mushroom is most commonly cultivated in India. It has a good market place in India. However, paddy straw mushroom and oyster mushroom are also commercial important.
Mushroom belongs to mold species. It is found here and there in rainy season. Before commercial genesis of mushroom, our ancestors were used it as food and medicine for many years.
Mushroom are honeycomb shaped and it is also full of protein and other nutrients. Species of 10 to 15,000 mushrooms are found on earth but not all species are edible. Some are also poisonous.
Preparation of raw materials
For the cultivation of mushroom soak the wheat straw in the freshwater overnight. Add carbendazim and farsaline as required. After this, take out straw and let it drain excess water, when about 50% of water comes out from the straw then it is ready for sowing.
According to scientists about 10,000 varieties of mushroom are present in our earth. But from the perspective of trade and edible pupose only about five varieties of mushroom are viable, these are button mushroom, special mushroom, paddy straw, medicated mushroom and oyster mushroom respectively. Button mushroom is most preferred variety among them. It is also known as milky mushroom.
Cost of spawn or seed
The price of spawn is about 75 rupees per kg which fluctuates according to brand and variety. It is also bought locally or order online or directly with the help of government agriculture centre.
Methods of button mushroom farming
It is sown same as the oyster mushroom but it covers dual area than that of oyster mushroom. Holes are not made in bags after sowing but in oyster mushroom farming, holes are made in the bag after sowing.
It needs 28 to 32 degree Celsius temperature after sowing. Bags are kept in the cropping room after the sowing have done.
Use of peat or casing soil
Molds spread uniformly throughout the straw after 20-25 days of sowing. After this, spread inert media like perlite, vermiculite or can use casing soil to the uppermost layer with a thick layer of 2-3 inches. Then spray water regularly on the upper layer in mist form.
Keep in mind that the cover we provided on the upper most layer shouldn't be get wet more than half of the thickness of soil or perlite or vermiculite which is used.
After covering the uppermost layer a dotted state begins to appear over the cover area.
The ideal temperature should be maintained between 32 to 35°c and moisture should be maintained more 90% at the maturing time. After 3-4 days it become capable for harvesting.
Quality place is prerequisite for mushroom cultivation. Place a very significant role in the successful mushroom farming.
Proper training is very essential to do successful mushroom farming. It is very difficult to do mushroom farming without proper training. You should contact your local KVK's or agricultural universities for getting its training.